Different Types of Oats: Health Facts

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Whole Oat Groats

This is the oat grain in its most whole, intact form. The hull has been removed, but other than that, the bran, endosperm, and germ are all still intact.

Irish Oats

Steel cut oats are exactly as the name implies: steel cut. They are produced by chopping the whole oat groat into 2-4 pieces with a steel blade. 

Scottish Oats

Scottish oats are less common than steel cut oats here in the States, but they are no less delicious! They are made by stone grinding the whole oat groat.

Rolled Oats

This is one of the most popular forms of oats, as it is incredibly versatile. Rolled oats are made by steaming the oat groat, then rolling it flat between steel rollers.

Quick Oats

Quick oats are a variation of rolled oats. They are also steamed, but they are often rolled thinner, and sometimes chopped into smaller pieces.

Instant Oats

Instant oats are the most processed version of rolled oats. After steaming and rolling, they are often pre-cooked, dried, and chopped into smaller pieces.

Oat Bran

Oat bran is a byproduct of oat manufacturing. It is the outer layer of the oat groat, so technically, it’s not a whole grain.

Oat Flour

Oat flour is simply finely-ground rolled oats. This means that as long as you have a functional food processor on hand, you can make your own oat flour!

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